We are all guilty of eating and drinking too much on the odd occasion. Once in a while, it will do us little harm, but what would happen if we consumed vast quantities of food and drink on a regular basis? Here are examples of some ways overindulgence affects your body and how you can remedy the symptoms.
It’s no mystery – too much alcohol is not good for you. Drinking every day or binge drinking at the weekend can lead to serious long-term health conditions such as heart disease, liver disease, high blood pressure, liver disease, stroke, and digestive problems. The risk of developing cancers like mouth cancer, colon cancer, and breast cancer is increased by excessive liquor consumption.
After a night of heavy drinking, you will most likely feel dreadful the following day. Alcohol is a diuretic and causes a person to become dehydrated, which contributes to feelings of fatigue, thirst, and headache, so the best cure is to drink plenty of water to replenish fluids. Electrolytes are lost during urination, as are essential vitamins such as potassium, magnesium, zinc, B vitamins, and C vitamins. The loss of these leads to fatigue, nausea, and muscle aches. When alcohol irritates the lining of the stomach, nausea and stomach upset or diarrhea will kick in and add to the list of horrible side effects. These side effects can be treated with aspirin or ibuprofen and antacids.
After eating a large, fatty and rich meal, it is common to experience indigestion. Indigestion is a blanket term for conditions such as acid reflux, nausea, and bloating. The body produces too much acid when it is bombarded with a heavy meal. This acid can irritate the lining of the stomach, esophagus, and upper part of the small intestine leading to indigestion.
Acid reflux or heartburn is a symptom of indigestion. What is acid reflux? Acid reflux occurs when the muscle or ‘sphincter’ between the stomach and esophagus becomes weakened and doesn’t close properly, so the acid from the stomach flows up the windpipe. It causes a burning sensation in the esophagus and throat, pain in the lower chest, and a sour taste in the mouth.
Indigestion can be treated with medications such as over-the-counter antacids and proton pump inhibitors such as omeprazole, rabeprazole, and esomeprazole.
Regularly overeating, drinking alcohol, and eating fatty, unhealthy foods will most likely lead to weight gain. Eating a high number of calories and not doing enough exercise is a recipe for disaster.
Being grossly overweight or obese can put a person at risk of developing a whole host of conditions and diseases. Obese people can develop high blood pressure or ‘hypertension’ when blood is forced through the blood vessels at an above-average rate, leading to heart strain and damaged vessels. This strain on the cardiovascular system may result in heart attack, stroke, kidney disease, or even death.
A build-up of fat around the liver increases the risk of fatty liver disease, resulting in liver damage, failure, or cirrhosis. Type 2 diabetes is another disease commonly developed by people who are obese. It occurs when the blood sugar is too high, and high levels of glucose in the blood leads to nerve damage, eye problems, stroke, kidney disease, and heart disease.
Excess weight pressing on the body’s joints can cause serious issues. Cartilage and bones will rub together and become damaged, causing pain, swelling, and reduced motion. Osteoarthritis may occur in the knees and hips, where the pressure on the joints from excess weight is most significant.
Eating a healthy balanced diet rich in fruit, vegetables, cereals, lean meats, and low-fat dairy products will help reduce body weight, as well as following a daily exercise routine and making sure you burn more calories than you consume.
Our sleep patterns are controlled by hormones, and overeating can cause our sleep hormones and hunger hormones to rise and fall over the course of a day. We may fall asleep after a large meal in the afternoon and then find it difficult to fall asleep at night.
Lying down to sleep after a large meal can be uncomfortable as acid reflux may develop, and the acid with flow up and down the esophagus as the body lies flat. The pain of the acid burn, the bloating and gas, and the general full feeling caused by overeating make sleeping very difficult, so it’s best to eat an evening meal at least three hours before going to bed.